Annexe:Liste de verbes irréguliers en anglais

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En anglais, tout verbe conjugué au prétérit ou au participe passé doit se terminer par la terminaison « -ed ». Cependant, certains verbes ne suivent pas ces règles. Ils sont donc appelés « verbes irréguliers ».

Listes de verbes[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

A à I[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Base verbale (to...) Prétérit Participe passé (I have...) Traduction
abide abode abode supporter / (suivi de by) se conformer à / demeurer
arise arose arisen survenir
awake awoke awoken se réveiller
be was, were been être
bear bore borne/born porter / supporter/ naître
beat beat beaten battre
become became become devenir
begin began begun commencer
bend bent bent plier / se courber
beseech besought / beseeched besought / beseeched supplier / demander
bet bet bet parier
bid bade / bid bidden / bid offrir / faire une enchère / demander
bind bound bound engager, lier
bite bit bitten mordre
bleed bled bled saigner.
blow blew blown souffler, gonfler
broadcast broadcast broadcast diffuser, émettre
break broke broken casser
breed bred bred élever (des animaux)
bring brought brought apporter
build built built construire
burn burnt / burned burnt / burned brûler
burst burst burst éclater
buy bought bought acheter
can could could pouvoir
cast cast cast jeter / distribuer (rôles)
catch caught caught attraper
chide chid, chode chid, chidden gronder
choose chose chosen choisir
cleave cleft / clove cleft / cloven (se) cliver
cling clung clung s'accrocher
clothe clad / clothed clad / clothed habiller / recouvrir
come came come venir
cost cost cost coûter
creep crept crept ramper
crow crew / crowed crowed chanter (coq)
cut cut cut couper
daydream daydreamt daydreamt rêvasser
deal dealt dealt distribuer
dig dug dug creuser
dive dived dived / dove (US) plonger
do did done faire
draw drew drawn dessiner / tirer
dream dreamed / dreamt dreamed / dreamt rêver
drink drank drunk boire
drive drove driven conduire
dwell dwelt dwelled / dwelt habiter
eat ate eaten manger
fall fell fallen tomber
feed fed fed nourrir
feel felt felt se sentir / ressentir
fight fought fought se battre
find found found trouver
flee fled fled s'enfuir
fling flung flung lancer
fly flew flown voler (avion ..)
forbid forbade forbidden interdire
forecast forecast forecast prévoir
forego forewent foregone renoncer / s'absternir
foresee foresaw foreseen prévoir / pressentir
foretell foretold foretold prédire
forget forgot forgot / forgotten oublier
forgive forgave forgiven pardonner
forsake forsook forsaken abandonner
freeze froze frozen geler
get got got / gotten obtenir
gild gilt gilt dorer
gird girt / girded girt / girded enceindre
give gave given donner
go went gone aller
grind ground ground moudre / opprimer
grow grew grown pousser / grandir
hang hung hung tenir / pendre
have had had avoir
hear heard heard entendre
hew hewed hewed / hewn tailler
hide hid hidden cacher
hit hit hit taper / appuyer
hold held held tenir
hurt hurt hurt blesser
inlay inlaid inlaid incruster
interbreed interbred interbred (se) croiser
interweave interwove / interweaved interwoven / interweaved entremêler

K à R[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Base verbale (to...) Prétérit Participe passé (I have...) Traduction
keep kept kept garder
kneel kneeled / knelt kneeled / knelt s'agenouiller
knit knit / knitted knit / knitted tricoter
know knew known connaître / savoir
lay laid laid poser (à plat-étendre)
lead led led mener/guider
lean leant / leaned leant / leaned s'incliner / se pencher
leap leapt / leaped leapt / leaped sauter / bondir
learn learnt learnt apprendre
leave left left Laisser / partir / quitter
lend lent lent prêter
let let let permettre, louer
lie lay lain s'allonger
light lighted / lit lighted / lit allumer
lose lost lost perdre
make made made fabriquer
mean meant meant signifier
meet met met rencontrer
melt melted melted fondre
mow mowed mowed / mown tondre le gazon
offset offset offset compenser
partake partook partaken prendre part à
pay paid paid payer
plead pleaded / pled pleaded / pled supplier / plaider
preset preset preset programmer
proofread proofread proofread corriger les épreuves de
prove proved proved / proven prouver
put put put mettre
quit quit quit quitter
read read read lire
rend rent rent déchirer
relay relaid relaid relayer
rid rid rid débarrasser
ride rode ridden faire du cheval, voyager à bicyclette
ring rang rung sonner / téléphoner
rise rose risen lever
run ran run courir

S à Z[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Base verbale (to...) Prétérit Participe passé (I have...) Traduction
saw sawed / saw sawed / sawn scier
say said said dire
see saw seen voir
seek sought sought chercher
sell sold sold vendre
send sent sent envoyer
set set set fixer
sew sewed sewn coudre
shake shook shaken secouer
shear shore / sheared shorn / sheared tondre (animaux)
shed shed shed répandre
shine shone shone briller
shoe shod shod chausser
shoot shot shot tirer / fusilier
show showed shown montrer
shut shut shut fermer
sing sang sung chanter
sink sank / sunk sunk / sunken couler
sit sat sat s'asseoir
slay slew slain tuer
sleep slept slept dormir
slide slid slid glisser
slink slinked / slunk slinked / slunk s'en aller furtivement
slit slit slit fendre
smell smelt smelt sentir
sow sowed sowed/ sown semer
speak spoke spoken parler
speed sped sped aller vite
spell spelt spelt épeler
spend spent spent dépenser / passer du temps
spill spilled / spilt spilled / spilt renverser
spin spun spun tourner / faire tourner
spit spat / spit spat / spit crâcher
split split split fendre
spoil spoiled / spoilt spoiled / spoilt gâcher / gâter
spread spread spread répandre
spring sprang sprung surgir / jaillir / bondir
stand stood stood être debout
steal stole stolen voler / dérober
stick stuck stuck coller
sting stung stung pîquer
stink stank stunk puer
strew strewed strewed / strewn éparpiller
stride strode stridden marcher à grands pas
strike struck stricken / struck frapper
string strung strung ficeler / enfiler des perles
strive strove striven s'efforcer
sunburn sunburned / sunburnt sunburned / sunburnt prendre un coup de soleil
swear swore sworn jurer
sweat sweat / sweated sweat / sweated suer
sweep swept swept balayer
swell swelled swelled / swollen gonfler / enfler
swim swam swum nager
swing swung swung se balancer
take took taken prendre
teach taught taught enseigner
tear tore torn déchirer
tell told told dire / raconter
think thought thought penser
throw threw thrown jeter
thrust thrust thrust enfoncer
tread trod trodden piétiner quelque chose
typeset typeset typeset composer
typewrite typewrote typewritten dactylographier
underbid underbade / underbid underbidden / underbid faire des commissions
undercut undercut undercut amoindrir
underfeed underfed underfed sous-alimenter
undergo underwent undergone subir
underlie underlay underlain sous-tendre / être à la base de...
undersell undersold undersold vendre à prix bas
underspend underspent underspent dépenser trop peu
understand understood understood comprendre
undertake undertook undertaken se charger de / entreprendre
underwrite underwrote underwritten garantir
uphold upheld upheld faire respecter
upset upset upset renverser
wake waked / woke waked / woken veiller ; être éveillé
waylay waylaid waylaid attaquer (sens figuré) / assaillir
wear wore worn porter (avoir sur soi)
weave wove woven tisser
weep wept wept pleurer
wet wet / wetted wet / wetted mouiller
win won won gagner
wind wound wound enrouler/remonter
withdraw withdrew withdrawn se retirer
withhold withheld withheld retenir
withstand withstood withstood résister à
wring wrung wrung tordre
write wrote written écrire

Verbes commençants par « mis »[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Base verbale (to...) Prétérit Participe passé Traduction
miscast miscast miscast se tromper dans la distribution de
misdeal misdealt misdealt faire maldonne (cartes mal distribuées)
misdo misdid misdone faire pas comme il faut / commettre une faute
mishear misheard misheard mal entendre
mislay mislaid mislaid égarer
mislead misled misled induire en erreur
mislearn mislearned / mislearnt mislearned / mislearnt mal apprendre
misread misread misread mal interpréter
misspeak misspoke misspoken mal parler/ se tromper en parlant /
misspell misspelt misspelt mal orthographier / mal épeler
mistake misstook mistaken se méprendre
misteach mistaught mistaught mal enseigner
misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood mal comprendre
miswrite miswrote miswritten mal écrire

Verbes commençants par « out » (mieux que) ou « over » (trop)[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Base verbale (to...) Prétérit Participe passé Traduction
outbid outbid outbid enchérir sur
outdo outdid outdone surpasser / exceller
outdraw outdrew outdrawn devancer son adversaire
outdrink outdrank outdrunk boire trop
outdrive outdrove outdriven conduire mieux que
outfight outfought outfought vaincre au combat
outfly outflew outflown Voler mieux que
outgrow outgrew outgrown devenir trop grand
outleap outleaped / outleapt outleaped / outleapt bondir / jaillir
outride outrode outridden galoper plus vite que
outrun outran outrun distancer
outsell outsold outsold se vendre mieux que...
outshine outshined / outshone outshined / outshone éclipser / effacer
outshoot outshot outshot tirer mieux que
outsing outsang outsung chanter mieux que
outsit outsat outsat être emprisonné / enchaîné
outsleep outslept outslept Dormir mieux que
outsmell outsmelt outsmelt sentir mieux que
outspeak outspoke outspoken parler franchement / s'exprimer honnêtement
outspeed outsped outsped aller plus vite que
outspend outspent outspent dépenser plus que
outswear outswore outsworn juger mieux que
outswim outswam outswum nager plus vite que
outthink outthought outthought penser mieux que
outwrite outwrote outwritten écrire mieux que
overbid overbid overbid surenchérir / enchérir
overbreed overbred overbred surélever
overbuild overbuilt overbuilt surconstruire
overbuy overbought overbought acheter trop
overcome overcame overcome surmonter
overdo overdid overdone exagérer
overdraw overdrew overdrawn retirer des fonds
overdrink overdrunk overdrank boire de manière excessive
overeat overate overeaten suralimenter
overfeed overfed overfed suralimenter
overhang overhung overhung surplomber
overhear overheard overheard surprendre
overlay overlaid overlaid superposer
overpay overpaid overpaid surpayer
override overrode overridden sur-repasser
overrun overran overrun envahir / dépasser
oversee oversaw overseen surveiller
oversell oversold oversold survendre / faire trop valoir
overshoot overshot overshot dépasser
oversleep overslept overslept se réveiller trop tard
overspeak overspoken overspoke parler trop / bavarder
overspend overspent overspent dépenser sans compter
overspill overspilled / overspilt overspilled / overspilt être versé
overtake overtook overtaken dépasser / doubler
overthink overthought overthought trop réfléchir
overthrow overthrew overthrown renverser / bouleverser
overwind overwound overwound trop remonter (montre)
overwrite overwrote overwritten trop écrire

Voir aussi[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Références[modifier | modifier le wikicode]