Wiktionnaire:Actualités/030-September-2017

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Wiktionnaire:Actualités is a small monthly periodical about Wiktionary and words, created in April 2015. Everyone is welcome to contribute to it. You can sign up to be noticed of the future issues, read old issues and participate to the draft of the next edition. You can also have a look at Regards sur l’actualité de la Wikimedia. If you have any comments, critics or suggestions, our talk page is open!

Actualités - Issue 30 - September 2017


Highlights

The team in charge of the website Linguee has announced the release of a new free automatic translator called "DeepL". For the time being, it allows translation between seven languages: German, English, Spanish, French, Italian, Dutch and Polish. It is presented as being more efficient than its competitors.

  • An article in the newspaper Ouest-France reviews the different representations and definitions of the clitoris, including the Wiktionary in its collection process. However, the proposed definition does not appear to be much more precise than the ones in the printed dictionaries.
  • Le Figaro is horrified by the absence of the word coulrophobia in the printed dictionaries, while the clowns phobia is described as such in the Wiktionary since 2010.
  • Le Soir, a Belgium newspaper, for its part, is interested in adding the word zinneke into dictionaries and is affected by the fact that it has not yet found zieverer (or zieverier) which is present in French Wiktionary since 2011.

The dictionary Le Petit Robert celebrates its 50th anniversary and it is valiantly resistant to the Wiktionary. It is the title of an article in the newspaper Le Matin Dimanche.

  • The Turkish Wiktionary has just changed its logo to adopt a new version of the English Wiktionary logo, without the ochre tiles.
A geometrical fleuron

A fleuron by an anonymous author, excerpted during the digitisation of the book Guerino detto il Meschino Book on Wikisource by Andrea da Barberino.

Small anthology of questions of the month

A fleuron with a floral motif.

Fleuron excerpted during the digitisation of Picturesque New Guinea Book on Wikisource by John William Lindt.

Among the thousand riches of the Wiktionary is the Questions on Words page, which allows anyone to ask questions about the meaning of a word, or to find a term from a definition. It is a space of sharing that works thanks to a dozen of volunteers who respond politely and humorously to the many questions asked, sometimes pertinent but often written by people a little lost in browsing the Wiktionary website, or confusing the Wiktionary with Wikipedia. This page is accessible from the left menu and works as a complement to the Suggest a word page, which allows you to suggest a missing word in the Wiktionary by reporting a quotation to certify its use.

The Questions on words page forms an interface with the readership, allowing both questioners and answerers to learn all sorts of things about words and filling gaps in the Wiktionary. It is a space that allows us to know the needs of readers, and to guide creation towards less well-rounded areas. Reading this month's discussions, you may discover that the act of splitting a diamond is the clivage (in French), that the wordplay if pacem para umbrellum screw pacem has been reused enough to have a page to describe it, that is still not known how to call two people who wear the same clothes nor how to call someone that is good only during holidays or that Lady dye is a tying dye brand of South Africa! If you have any scholarly questions, or fun remarks to share, don't hesitate to participate!

Statistics

From mid-August to mid-September (from 08/20/2017 to 09/20/2017)
  • French entries increased by 3,686 and quotations increased by 2,144. There are now 357,235 lemmas, 530,718 definitions and 329,965 quotations or examples.
  • The three other languages which progressed the most are Northern Sami (+ 5,655 entries), English (+ 1,952 entries) and Welsh (+ 1,838 entries).
  • Four languages were added in the project (here with French names): celtibère (+3), bukusu (+1), laki (+1), tangam (+1) and kurde du Sud (+1).
  • In September 17,044 entries were created for 100 languages!
New lexicons
Words of the month

Statistics provided by Wikiscan:

Miscellaneous
  • There is 32,597 illustrations (images and videos) in French Wiktionary entries and 316 were added since last month.

Up to the 30th of September 2017, French Wiktionary offer 285 thesauri in French and a total of 429 thesauri in 54 languages!
Four new thesauri this month: paix [peace], assimilation [assimilation], linguistique [linguistics] and savon [soap].
Assassas77 created the first thesaurus in Tagalog, about cooking!

The Questions on words page (WT:QM) records in September 196 questions, compare to 141 in August, 124 in July, 112 in June.

Dictionary of the month

SMS dico, Éditions Michel Lafon, 2001.

A fleuron with flowers.

Fleuron extracted from Trente poésies russes Book on Wikisource by Paul Collin.

In the 2000s, a new mode of communication emerged, the SMS, characterized by a mainly phonetic writing and sequences of symbols representing the sender's emotions if viewed at 90°. Taking advantage of this enthusiasm, a French telephony company and a fast food chain created these small dictionaries for pictograms, which have nothing to envy at our current emojis.

With 3 dictionaries of 100 pages of 10x10cm, their list of pictograms far exceeds all those ever used. Starting from the usual :-/ I'm skeptical or :'-) I cry with laughter, we arrive very quickly at V:o| Guy not understanding why no one wants to talk to him without suspecting that he has an alligator on his head or (°>FX8< Bald female vampire wearing a monocle, with a long nose, one teeth broken and trimmed with a butterfly knot.

While some pictograms, like the previous examples, seem esoteric, others show a certain logic of construction element by element. For example, we have *<(:-) Santa Claus and, just after that, *<(8-)= Santa Claus skiing with a tie. We can see here that Santa Claus is only a basic cheerful face :-) to which we have added a cap with pompon *<; we can then deduce that the eyes in 8 represent a pair of ski goggles, and that = represents the tie.

Nevertheless, we also find symbols that can have several meanings when placed in the same place, which induces either difficulty or polysemia: :*( I weep softly following :,-( To cry, * indicates a small tear; B*) I have the moustache and fancy glasses, B being the fancy glasses, * means a moustache; :* Kisses and |* A kiss (with closed eye), * means a kiss.

As for the construction of the work itself, it is divided into chapters: a majority are common to all the dictionary volumes (Have you seen your face for the facial pictograms, Animals for the animals or Abbreviations for the sentences in SMS language, on which I do not dwell in this chronicle), while some of them are kind of focus (Cowboys seen from aircraft or Climbing on the wall, which gives rise to the least reusable pictograms).

In summary, this dictionary fulfils its function as an advertising medium: funny enough to be kept on your shelf (and even reviewed in the Actualités of the Wiktionary!) without being relevant.

— a chronicle by Dara

Wikiconvention francophone 2017.svg

French Wikiconvention in October!

Coming soon: the second French WikiConvention in Strasbourg from 19 to 21 October 2017!

With a wonderful program on Friday, October 20:

And as a bonus, the day before, on Thursday, October 19, at 14h30, a presentation of Lingua Libre, a project presented in last month's Actualités.

If you can go to Strasbourg, you will also have the chance to meet part of the Actualités editorial team!
A fleuron with birds.

A fleuron by an anonymous author, excerpted during the digitisation of the book The Raven Book on Wikisource by Edgar Allan Poe.

Videos

This chronicle reviews videos about linguistics and French published during the month, do not hesitate to add videos and channels that you find!

Wikimedia Community Logo.svg

LexiSession on peace

Powered by the Tremendous Wiktionary User Group, LexiSessions aim to suggest monthly themes to put all Wiktionaries on the same page. Themes are suggested on Meta and announced every month in several projects.

September LexiSession was about peace and was an opportunity to create a thesaurus of peace in French. Plenty words still can be added, so you are welcome to contribute to this theme in the future!

October theme is punishment!
Ottoman ornament.

Curiosity

The Mosetén language spoken in Bolivia has a grammatical gender system, which is quite rare in the languages of this part of the world. The two genders are called by convention masculine and feminine because they are associated with human beings assigned as masculine and feminine according to their sexes. However, many nouns are also gender-marked with one mark or the other without being motivated in their meaning. And, even more interestingly, the verbs also take a specific mark indicating gender! For intransitive verbs (without direct objects), the gender follows the one of the subject and is indicated for all persons. For transitive verbs, it is more complicated, and the marking appears mainly when both the subject and the object are in the third person. The gender is also present on locative adverbs and on grammatical adverbs such as only and on particles forming questions.

In this language, the gender agreement covers a whole set of elements in the sentence, much broader than the one in French. When studying a language, it is therefore important to be interested in grammatical functions, such as gender, number, and definiteness, but also to study the range of their agreement. We had already mentioned this phenomenon for the number in the Actualités of May.

During the development of a dictionary, the multiple forms generated by grammatical differences are problematic. Should we create one entry or two? Has one form evolved from the other? Do they share the same history? In French Wiktionary, a new page has just been created to brainstorm on these questions and to find a way to account for the different forms equally. If you are interested in the subject, you can read the page under construction Projet:Parité des genres (in French only).

— a chronicle by Noé based on the article Gender agreement in Mosetén by Jeanette Sakel, 2002.

Let us finish this issue with a cul-de-lampe by an anonymous author, excerpted during the digitisation of the book Նոր-Ջուղայի դպրոցները Book on Wikisource by Տիգրան Աբգարյանց.