white-collar crime

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Anglais[modifier le wikicode]

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Étymologie[modifier le wikicode]

(1937) → voir white-collar et crime, expression forgée par le sociologue américain Edwin Sutherland à l'assemblée de l’American Sociological Society. [1]

Locution nominale [modifier le wikicode]

white-collar crime \Prononciation ?\

  1. (Sociologie) Délinquance en col blanc, crime en col blanc.
    • White-collar crime may be denned approximately as a crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation (Sutherland, 1949, p. 9)." — (Edwin Sutherland, The white collar criminal in V. C. Branham , S. B. Kutash, Encyclopedia of Criminology, 1949, 511-515)
    • If it can be shown that white collar crimes are frequent, a general theory that crime is due to poverty and its related pathologies is shown to be invalid. — (Edwin Sutherland, White Collar Crime: The Uncut Version, New Haven, Yale University Press, 1983)
    • White-collar crimes often involve deception of a gullible victim and generally occur where an individual's job, power, or personal influence provide the access and opportunity to abuse lawful procedures for unlawful gain. — (United States Bureau of Justice Statistics, Report to the Nation on Crime & Justice, 1988 , p. 9)
    • White-collar crimes include a multitude of dimensions that continue to expand and complicate this area of study. Several crimes are studied and classified as white-collar crimes, although some researchers are questioning whether they should still be "housed under this umbrella". — (Gennaro F. Vito,Jeffrey R. Maahs,Ronald M. Holmes, Criminology: Theory, Research, and Policy, 2007)

Références[modifier le wikicode]

  1. Jean de Maillard, Finance et délinquance, Alternatives Economiques, Hors-série n° 087, décembre 2010.

Voir aussi[modifier le wikicode]