paronym

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Anglais[modifier | modifier le wikitexte]

Étymologie[modifier | modifier le wikitexte]

Du grec ancien παρά, para, et ὄνομα, -onoma.

Nom commun[modifier | modifier le wikitexte]

Singulier Pluriel
paronym
/ˈpæɹ.ə.nɪm/
paronyms
/ˈpæɹ.ə.nɪmz/

paronym /ˈpæɹ.ə.nɪm/

  1. (Linguistique) Mot étymologiquement apparenté.
    • Words are said to be Paronyms when they are derived from the same root, whether that root belongs to the original English (Anglo-Saxon) stock, or has been introduced into the language from some other tongue. For instance, the following words are paronyms, being all derived from the Latin root, signifying to put or place: compose, depose, interpose, oppose, dispose, impose, expose, repose, transpose, propose, and suppose. (John Mitchell Bonnell, A Manual of the Art of Prose Composition, 1867, p. 38)
    • Paronyms are morphologically variant (and, for the most part meaning related, but not univocal) n-tuples derived (synchronically) from a common root. […] for example ‘explain’, ‘explanation’, ‘explicable’ and ‘explicability’, and, in Latin, explaneo and explanatio. (James F. Ross, Portraying Analogy, 1981, ISBN 9780521238052, p. 137)
  2. (Rare) Paronyme.
    • Two words are paronyms when their phonemic representations are similar but not identical. (Salvatore Attardo, Linguistic Theories of Humor, 1994, ISBN 9783110219029, pp. 110-111)
Note[modifier | modifier le wikitexte]
Ce mot est un faux-ami. Le sens 2 est probablement une erreur à cause de la langue maternelle de l’auteur.

Dérivés[modifier | modifier le wikitexte]