Annexe:Verbes irréguliers en anglais

Définition, traduction, prononciation, anagramme et synonyme sur le dictionnaire libre Wiktionnaire.
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Infinitif Prétérit Participe passé
abide abode ou abided abode ou abided
arise arose arisen
awake awoke
awaked
awoken
awaked
be was
were
been
bear bore born (« donner naissance », pass.)
borne (« porter », ou « donner naissance », trans.)
beat beat beaten
beat
become became become
befall befell befallen
beget begot
begat
begot
begotten
begin began begun
behold beheld beheld
bend bent bent
bereave bereft
bereaved
bereaved
beseech besought
beseeched
besought
beseeched
beset beset beset
bespeak bespoke bespoke
bespoken
bestrew bestrewed bestrewed
bestrewn
bet bet
betted
bet
betted
bethink bethought bethought
bid (« faire une enchère ») bid bid
bid (« souhaiter ») bade
bid
bade
bidden
bid
bide bode
bided
bode
bided
bind bound bound
bite bit bitten
bit
bleed bled bled
blend blent (Royaume-Uni)
blended
blended
bless blest
blessed
blest
blessed
blow blew blown
break broke broken
breastfeed breastfed breastfed
breed bred bred
bring brought brought
broadcast broadcast broadcast
browbeat browbeat browbeat
browbeaten
build built built
burn burnt
burned
burnt
burned
burst burst burst
bust busted
bust
busted
bust
buy bought bought
cast cast cast
catch caught caught
chide chid
chided
chid
chidden
chided
choose chose chosen
cleave cleft
clove
cleaved
cleft
cleaved
cloven
cling clung clung
come came come
cost (intransitif : « coûter tel prix ») cost cost
cost (transitif : « donner un prix ») costed costed
creep crept crept
crow crew crowed
cum came cum
cut cut cut
deal dealt dealt
dig dug dug
dive dived
dove (États-Unis)
dived
dove (États-Unis)
do did done
draw drew drawn
dream dreamt
dreamed
dreamt
dreamed
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
dwell dwelt
dwelled
dwelt
dwelled
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
fit (« être de la bonne taille ») fit fit
fit (« adapter la taille ») fit
fitted
fit
fitted
flee fled fled
fling flung flung
fly flew
flied (Baseball)
flown
flied (Baseball)
forbid forbade forbidden
forbid
forecast forecast
forecasted (Royaume-Uni)
forecast
forecasted (Royaume-Uni)
forego
forgo
forewent foregone
foreknow foreknew foreknown
forerun foreran forerun
foresee foresaw foreseen
forespeak forespoke forespoken
foreshow foreshowed foreshown
foreshowed
foretell foretold foretold
forget forgot forgotten
forgot
forgive forgave forgiven
forsake forsook forsaken
forswear forswore forsworn
freeze froze frozen
geld gelt
gelded
gelt
gelded
get got got
gotten (États-Unis)
ghostwrite ghostwrote ghostwritten
gild gilt
gilded
gilt
gilded
gird girt
girded
girt
girded
give gave given
go went gone
grave graved graven
graved
grind ground ground
grow grew grown
handwrite handwrote handwritten
hang (« suspendre, flotter en l'air ») hung hung
hang (« exécuter par pendaison ») hanged hanged
have had had
hear heard heard
heave (Nautique) heaved
hove
heaved
hove
hew hewed hewn
hewed
hide hid hidden
hit hit hit
hold held held
housesit housesat housesat
hurt hurt hurt
input input
inputted
input
inputted
inset inset inset
interbreed interbred interbred
interweave interwove interwoven
keep kept kept
kneel knelt
kneeled (États-Unis)
knelt
kneeled (États-Unis)
knit knit
knitted
knit
knitted
know knew known
lay (transitif : « placer ») laid laid
lead led led
lean leaned
leant (Royaume-Uni)
leaned
leant (Royaume-Uni)
leap leapt
leaped
leapt
leaped
learn learned
learnt (Royaume-Uni)
learned
learnt (Royaume-Uni)
leave left left
lend lent lent
let let let
lie (intransitif : « reposer horizontalement ») lay lain
light lit
lighted
lit
lighted
lose lost lost
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
mishear misheard misheard
mislay mislaid mislaid
mislead misled misled
misread misread misread
misspell misspelled
misspelt (Royaume-Uni)
misspelled
misspelt (Royaume-Uni)
mistake mistook mistaken
misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood
mow mowed mown
mowed (États-Unis)
outbid outbid outbid
outbidden
outdo outdid outdone
outgrow outgrew outgrown
outrun outran outrun
outsell outsold outsold
overcast overcast overcast
overcome overcame overcome
overdo overdid overdone
overdraw overdrew overdrawn
overeat overate overeaten
overhang overhung overhung
overhear overheard overheard
overlay overlaid overlaid
overlie overlay overlain
overpay overpaid overpaid
override overrode overridden
overrun overran overrun
oversee oversaw overseen
oversell oversold oversold
overshoot overshot overshot
oversleep overslept overslept
overtake overtook overtaken
overthrow overthrew overthrown
partake partook partaken
pay paid paid
pen (« écrire ») penned penned
pen (« enclore ») penned
pent
penned
pent
plead pled
pleaded
pled
pleaded
pre-set pre-set pre-set
proofread proofread proofread
prove proved proved
proven (États-Unis)
put put put
quit quit
quitted
quit
quitted
read /rɪd/ read /rɛd/ read /rɛd/
rebind rebound rebound
rebuild rebuilt rebuilt
recast recast recast
redo redid redone
re-lay re-laid re-laid
remake remade remade
rend rent (Royaume-Uni)
rended (États-Unis)
rent (Royaume-Uni)
rended (États-Unis)
repay repaid repaid
rerun reran rerun
resell resold resold
reset reset reset
rethink rethought rethought
rewind rewound rewound
rewrite rewrote rewritten
rid rid
rided
rid
ride rode ridden
ring rang rung
rise rose risen
rive rived riven
run ran run
saw sawed sawed
sawn
say said said
see saw seen
seek sought sought
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
sew sewed sewn
sewed
shake shook shaken
shave shaved shaved
shaven
shear sheared shorn
sheared
shed shed shed
shine shone
shined
shone
shined
shine (polir, cirer) shined shined
shit shit
shat (Royaume-Uni)
shit
shat (Royaume-Uni)
shoe shoed shoed
shod
shoot shot shot
show showed shown
showed
shrink shrank
shrunk (États-Unis)
shrunk
shrunken (États-Unis)
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sink sank sunk
sit sat sat
slay slew slain
sleep slept slept
slide slid slid
sling slung slung
slink slunk
slinked
slunk
slinked
slit slit slit
smell smelt
smelled (États-Unis)
smelt
smelled (États-Unis)
smite smote smitten
sneak snuck
sneaked (États-Unis)
sneaked US
snuck
sow sowed sowed
sown
speak spoke spoken
speed sped
speeded (États-Unis)
sped
speeded (États-Unis)
spell spelt
spelled (États-Unis)
spelt
spelled (États-Unis)
spend spent spent
spill spilled
spilt
spilled
spilt
spin spun
spanAuE
spun
spit spat
spit (États-Unis)
spat
spit (États-Unis)
split split split
spoil spoiled
spoilt
spoiled
spoilt
spoon-feed spoon-fed spoon-fed
spread spread spread
spring sprang
sprung (États-Unis)
sprung
stand stood stood
stay stayed
staid
stayed
staid
steal stole stolen
stick stuck stuck
sting stung stung
stink stank
stunk
stunk
strew strewed strewn
strewed
stride strode stridden
strike (« effacer ») struck stricken
strike (« frapper ») struck struck
stricken
string strung strung
strive strove striven
strived
swear swore sworn
sweat sweat
sweated
sweat
sweated
sweep swept swept
swell swelled swollen
swelled
swim swam swum
swing swung swung
take took taken
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
tell told told
think thought thought
thrive thrived
throve (États-Unis)
thrived
thriven (États-Unis)
throw threw thrown
thrust thrust thrust
tread trod trodden
trod
unbind unbound unbound
undergo underwent undergone
underlie underlay underlain
understand understood understood
undertake undertook undertaken
underwrite underwrote underwritten
undo undid undone
unwind unwound unwound
uphold upheld upheld
upset upset upset
wake woke
waked
woken
waked
waylay waylaid waylaid
wear wore worn
weave wove woven
wed wed
wedded
wed
wedded
weep wept wept
wet wet
wetted
wet
wetted
win won won
wind wound wound
wit wist wist
withdraw withdrew withdrawn
withhold withheld withheld
withstand withstood withstood
work worked
wrought (Rare)
worked
wrought (Rare)
wring wrung wrung
write wrote written
  • Le prétérit et le participe passé ont souvent la même graphie lorsque le prétérit se termine par -ed.
  • Si le prétérit ne se termine pas par -ed, alors la graphie du participe passé est différente de celle du prétérit.
    • La seule exception est show, showed, shown (bien qu’on puisse aussi écrire show, showed, showed).

Note sur les régions :

  • Les formes marquées par (Royaume-Uni) sont utilisées au Royaume-Uni mais rarement aux États-Unis, où elles sont considérées comme incorrectes.
  • Les formes marquées par (États-Unis) sont utilisées aux États-Unis mais rarement au Royaume-Uni, où elles sont considérées comme incorrectes.
  • Les verbes irréguliers de l’anglais parlé au Canada, en Australie et en Nouvelle-Zélande sont les mêmes que les verbes américains et britanniques.

Note sur la prononciation :

  • shone (du verbe shine) est prononcé /ʃoʊn/ (comme tone) aux États-Unis, mais en Grande-Bretagne on le prononce /ˈʃɒn/ (comme gone). Les deux formes existent au Canada.